11 Derived from European “Fit for 55”
12 Derived from FlightPath2050
13 A reduction of 65% equals minus 15 dB/operation
14 Due to propulsion systems and fuels used General Aviation may have different timescales
The challenges of digital transformation have been solved by 2030, including:
European standards for data handling, sharing and access and cyber security are in place so that all actors can share the same sets of data for certification, performance, maintenance and end-of-life purposes;
the development of digital European aviation standards as a prerequisite for efficient research collaboration and to virtually integrate and leverage the results of numerous disciplines and stakeholders on compatible European Zero Emission aircraft platforms;
understanding the relationship between the human and the machine and the associated safety implications;
test, validation and certification of complex systems that show non- deterministic, emergent and learning behaviours;
dissemination and sharing of requirements, new rules and best practices, contributing to standardising a digital approach to leverage innovation across European research;
making European results and IP recognisable and protectable;
GDPR compliant exchange of personal data;
a holistic approach to security, addressing physical infrastructure, people, processes, and technology, through the system life-cycle from design through manufacture and certification to operations, maintenance, and decommissioning, including all aspects of the supply chain.
There are no successful cyber-attacks on aircraft and critical aviation infrastructure.